Consultancy Announcement: Study on Early Warning/Early Response Program for CVE
IGAD Center of Excellence for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism (ICEPCVE)
Re-Advertisement of Consultancy: Study on Early Warning/Early Response Program for CVE
Terms of Reference
Policy and program interventions to prevent and counter Violent Extremism aim to address the situation after eruption of violence as well as before such eruption. Indeed, prevention of violent extremism is more cost-effective from a community perspective because it addresses the threat before infliction of human and material damages.
Violent extremism involves concurrent or separate occurrences of grievances, radicalization, and recruitment. An early warning /early response system is necessary to detect such processes in a given community and address them before they escalate into violent extremism. The purpose of this research project is to address this need by identifying VE threats and radicalization at an early stage and by devising mechanisms for early response. It is from this background that it has become imperative for the IGAD region to carry out a comprehensive assessment of early warning/early response as well as map out the actors and areas that are affected by these challenges.
IGAD Center of Excellence for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism seeks consultants/researchers to carry out a mapping and assessment on early warning/early response in connection with preventing and countering radicalization and violent extremism in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania , Uganda and Mozambique , with the aim of gaining an in-depth understanding of existing initiatives and mechanisms for identifying and responding to threats in these states and in the region as a whole. The task will also involve assessing national and regional initiatives, strategies, policies and efforts pertaining to early warning/early response relevant to preventing and countering violent extremism. The purpose of the study is to collect and analyze data and provide accurate, timely, complete, relevant and value added information on early warning/early response to radicalization and violent extremism in the IGAD region and its member states. The specific objectives of the study include but not limited to the following:
} Identify and describe:
◦ causes and vulnerability/Risk factors for radicalization and violent extremism including social, economic, political, environmental, technological and legal aspects;
◦ nature, types, extent/scope/magnitude, typologies, modus operandi of radicalization and violent extremism;
◦ type and nature of radical groups and their networks;
} Analyze and evaluate the impact, severity and priority of radicalization and violent extremism and their threat,
} Forecast patterns and trends of radicalization and violent extremism,
} Assess and examine national and regional (IGAD) policy, institutional and operational responses/frameworks on early warning/early response, and
} Outline policy recommendations and entry points to formulate effective policy/strategies and frameworks for early warning/early response for radicalization and violent extremism, and strengthen regional cooperation.
2. Scope and Areas of focus:
This project to design and develop Early Warning/Early Response Program to prevent and challenge extremism and promote peace has two components: The first component is a mapping of operational early conflict warning/early response mechanisms.
The second component involves a critical appraisal of these mechanisms and adapting them to IGAD P/CVE strategy and projects. The research findings and recommendations shall be presented and discussed at a seminar to be organized by ICEPCVE. This seminar shall provide a platform for researchers and practitioners to recommend innovative and practical Early Warning/Early Response mechanisms for future P/CVE projects.
The research should identify, list, and analyze recent early warning/early response mechanisms, including their possible connections with terrorism and violent extremism. It should also assess policy and legal frameworks and practical challenges to effective early warning/early response. The study’s conclusions should include clearly defined recommendations for further actions at national level. The study should also contain region-wide and jurisdiction-specific conclusions and recommendations for improvement of early warning/early response, including legal and practical measures to be taken at regional and national level to enhance prevention and countering radicalization and violent extremism.
As radicalization is a matter of ideology originating from a misinterpretation of religion and leading to deviant social and psychological behaviors, the areas of deradicalization and counter-violent extremism in the assessment should focus on “soft” approaches, ways and means, considering the following:
a) Prevention: to deter individuals from getting involved in violent extremism and reduce vulnerabilities towards radicalization;
b) Rehabilitation: to encourage supporters and sympathizers of violent extremism to renounce violence and provide counter radicalization technical services;
The countries covered in this project are Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda and Mozambique.
3. Expected output:
The research shall involve:
- studying as thoroughly as possible available documents, case studies and other relevant scholarly and other available literature on the topic (desk research);
- doing fieldwork (interviewing relevant national and conflict analysis and resolution as well as security experts, community leaders, civic organizations, religious leaders etc.);
- Specific conclusions and recommendations for relevant national authorities, but also regional organizations, especially IGAD Center of Excellence for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism (ICEPCVE).
The report should contain: (i) a brief narrative general introduction explaining the current level of the risk of radicalization and violent extremism.; (ii) description of the situation in each of the local research areas; (iii) identification of main challenges, vulnerabilities and needs for improvement of the early warning/early response mechanism in place; and (iv) conclusions and recommendations .
The expert conducting the study should explore the needs and possibilities for inclusion of local communities into early warning/early response raising awareness programs.
The study report shall be of sufficient detail and it is expected that it shall not be less than 24000 (12 font size, 1.5 line space) words excluding annexes, footnotes or other extra attachments. The report shall be submitted to the in both soft and hard copy as may be necessary.
The study should be supported by both primary and secondary data to be collected by qualitative/quantitative (as may be relevant) data collection tools and methods including but not limited to review of relevant literatures, legal texts, reports and policy documents; and analysis of available statistical data on early warning/early response as well as radicalization and violent extremism. The Consultant is required to employ appropriate methods and tools of data collection.
The method of study deployed shall be indicated in the report including the limitations and challenges faced, if any and how the Consultant overcomes them. The report is required to be well written in English language to the satisfaction of ICEPCVE and shall comply with academic standards including proper citations. The Consultant shall edit or improve the report as may be required by ICEPCVE.
Tasks and Supervision:
Tasks expected to be carried out
- Conduct a desk research on the state of play in the researched area (documents and available research - general background, national and local).
- Conduct on-the-ground research in respective local research areas
- Prepare the first draft, then the whole report, keeping to the schedule (deadlines) set by ICEPCVE.
- Incorporate comments received from ICEPCVE into the final draft of the report.
- Fully adjust the final version with the ICEPCVE’s requirements for presentation and publication
- Present the findings of the research at a seminar to be organized by ICEPCVE
- Incorporate any comments received from Seminar participants into the final version of the report.
- Prepare the final version of the report.
This consultancy work will be undertaken under the supervision of the Head of Research, ICEPCVE and in close collaboration with other staff of ICEPCVE.
4. Required qualifications and experience:
The profile of the expert/ Consultant should be as follows:
4.1.The expert/consultant should have an extensive and demonstrated capacity in essential areas of early warning/early response and counter radicalization and violent extremism.
4.2.The expert/consultant should have at least a master’s degree (Ph.D. is preferred) in relevant field of studies. In addition to qualifications pertaining to the early warning/early response, the consultant should have expertise and good background knowledge on overall peace and security framework in the region, the Horn and Eastern Africa and IGAD P/CVE framework;
4.3.The expert/consultant should have no less than 5 year of professional experience in early warning/early response or on counter radicalization and violent extremism.
4.4.The consultant/expert should have in-depth knowledge and understanding of IGAD’s sub-region context, major challenges and threats.
4.5.The consultant should be available for a seminar/workshop to present his research findings
4.6.Women applicants are actively encouraged.
5. Time frame:
This second call for proposals will be posted from 11 December 2018- 25 January 2019 .
The study should be completed within a period of 3 months after the consultant is selected.
6. Required Document for Submission
6.1. A CV of the consultant(s) detailing the capability and experience delivering the services specified in this Terms of Reference, including contact details of at least two referees to whom similar services have been provided including names, telephone numbers and email addresses of appropriate contact persons. (Note: Referees may be contacted without prior notice);
6.2. A proposal including a concrete plan, methodology and time line for undertaking the assessment;
6.3.Proposed budget for undertaking the assessment
6.4.Tentative outline of the study and;
Applications should be sent on or before - 1st March 2019 to:
Head, Research and Analysis- ICEPCVE
Cell phone: +253 77 427221